DURHAM, Ore. (AP) - After months of trying to get its problem-plagued online health exchange to work, Oregon on Friday officially gave up on the state portal and decided to switch to the federal website - the first state in the nation to do so.
"It's the right thing to do and I'm pleased that they voted that way; It's been a tough vote," said Clyde Hamstreet, a Portland turnaround consultant responsible for restructuring Cover Oregon and temporarily overseeing the agency's executive director duties.
Alex Pettit, Oregon's Chief Information Officer and the exchange's top technology official said, "Using the federal technology represents the lowest-risk option."
Before a crowd of reporters at Cover Oregon headquarters in Durham, Pettit and Hamstreet said many details of the transition will remain influx until they can nail down details with the federal government. Pettit said the pair is flying to Washington, D.C. next week to speak with officials at the Center for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS), the agency overseeing state exchanges.
"I think this is new ground for Washington (D.C.) and for Oregon and we're both going to have work together," Hamstreet said.
An early adapter and early enthusiast of the Affordable Care Act, Oregon was once seen as the national leader in health care reform. The progressive state's ambitious vision for its exchange, its colossal multimillion-dollar failure, and the inability to fix the glitch-filled site illustrate the complexity of the health care law and the challenges for states that decided to build their own exchanges.
Oregon, which so far has failed to enroll a single person in coverage in one sitting through its exchange, decided to ditch the exchange because officials said fixing it would be too costly at $78 million and would take too long. Switching to the federal system will cost just $4 million to $6 million and is the least risky option.
Oregon's exchange is seen as the worst in more than a dozen states that developed their own online health insurance marketplaces. Oregonians must use a time-consuming hybrid paper-online process to sign up for insurance. The state also had to hire more than 400 workers to aid in the manual enrollment process - that despite $134 million Oregon paid its main technology contractor Oracle Corp. to build the online exchange. Oregon received a monthlong enrollment-deadline extension because of the technology problems.
Several other states, which have experienced major problems with their exchanges, are also debating their futures - although it's unclear how many, if any, will switch to the federal portal. Already, one other state has chosen to replace its site: Maryland recently decided to adopt the technology used on Connecticut's successful exchange.
Of the 14 states and the District of Columbia that built their own exchanges, some portals are running smoothly, including in California, Washington state, Connecticut and Kentucky. But in a half dozen states, technical troubles have cropped up after exchanges launched last October, marring implementation of the health-care overhaul.
Exchange glitches have led states to firing technology contractors, exchange leaders resigning, cost overruns, and officials trying to figure out how - or if - to salvage their portals.
Nevada, whose portal has also been wracked with problems since it went live Oct. 1, is sticking with its state-run exchange, at least for now. The state is awaiting an analysis by Deloitte Consulting on problems with the system built by Xerox and recommendations on whether the exchange should be fixed or scrapped.
In Hawaii, where the exchange site also had a rocky start and the state has enrolled just 8,000 people, some lawmakers were talking about switching to the federal exchange, though there is no formal process to consider the switch at this time. Instead, legislators are considering giving up to $3.5 million to Hawaii's troubled exchange next year so it can stay afloat.
Massachusetts, another state with a problem-plagued exchange, is considering whether to partner with a new vendor to rebuild key components of its portal, ditch the site and adopt another state's exchange or use the federal site.
Exchange leaders from Massachusetts, Maryland and Oregon plan to meet with officials at the federal Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services to iron out the details of their exchanges' futures.
New Mexico is going in the opposite direction - switching from the federal site to using just a state-based computer system. Right now, New Mexico uses the federal portal for enrolling individuals while a state-based exchange handles enrollment of small businesses. The state plans to switch fully to a state-based system.
"We are marching forward with that and not even contemplating some option whereby we would just allow the individuals to stay at the feds," said Jason Sandel, a member of the exchange's governing board. "We've have had a very difficult time working with the federal government by way of accomplishing some of the things we wanted to do."
As an example, Sandel said the federal government turned down New Mexico's request to have a longer open enrollment period for individuals this year.
For its part, Oregon will continue using the current technology for Medicaid enrollments, but it will have to improve on the system. Officials estimated the cost of the improvements at about $35 million. They said the federal government would pay 90 percent of those costs and of the costs of switching to the federal exchange. In total, Oregon has spent nearly $250 million of the $305 million it received from the federal government under the Affordable Care Act.
The On Your Side Investigations grilled Cover Oregon leaders about the cost to taxpayers - money Pettit said the state was not giving back to the federal government. Cover Oregon defended the costs, the exchange, and the technology work Friday.
"I don't think it's all a waste. I think there's a lot of value in what's been done there," Hamstreet told KATU. "We're back at square one with part of our group. The other part of the group, we're not at square one."
"I think it's easy to say that it's all waste but I think it's inaccurate and I wouldn't call it that. It's not been well done, I agree with that," Hamstreet continued. "I don't want to give you the impression that what we've done has just been no good at all. I think there's going to be some value - maybe significant - I don't know that yet. That's one of the things we need to find out."
Republicans blasted Cover Oregon after its board approved ditching the beleaguered site.
"Today's decision by Cover Oregon to move to the federal health exchange after months of false assurances is an incredibly embarrassing moment for the state of Oregon," state Rep. Mike McLane, R-Powell Butte, said in a statement. "Oregonians were sold false promises, and all we got was a faulty, unfinished product ..."
Despite the exchange's technology fiasco, about 242,000 Oregonians have enrolled in coverage through Cover Oregon. An estimated 70,000 of those enrolled in private health plans, while 172,000 enrolled in the Oregon Health Plan.
Federal officials said the federal exchange is able to add more states, and they are working with Oregon on the next steps.
In March, the federal Government Accountability Office announced an investigation of Oregon's exchange, including looking at whether the federal government can reclaim grant money given to Cover Oregon if taxpayer funds were mismanaged.
An independent investigation ordered by Gov. John Kitzhaber found state managers repeatedly failed to heed reports about technical problems that prevented the Cover Oregon exchange from launching. It also found Oracle did a shoddy job in building the exchange. Five Oregon officials connected to the development of the Cover Oregon portal have resigned.
Officials said they will keep the Cover Oregon website throughout 2014, but it will be redesigned to direct people to the federal site. Oregon also will use the federal call center, but it will retain some front-end customer outreach, education efforts and initial carrier management.
Because HealthCare.Gov enrolls people only in private health plans, Oregonians found eligible for Medicaid will be redirected to the Oregon Health Authority, a state agency that can enroll them in the Oregon Health Plan, Oregon's version of Medicaid.
Hamstreet said Cover Oregon has extended its transition agreement with Oracle until June 28 to help with the switch to the federal exchange and the upgrades needed for Medicaid enrollment. Hamstreet said the state continues to consider legal action against Oracle.
Oracle spokeswoman Deborah Hellinger said in a statement that the company "looks forward to providing any assistance the State needs in moving parts of Oregon's health care exchange to the Federal system."
Oregon's next open enrollment period begins this November.
"I think (people) should be expecting technology that works come November 15," Hamstreet said. "I think that is our primary objective."
According to Cover Oregon spokesman Michael Cox, people who've already enrolled in coverage will remain covered through this year and do not need to take any more action. People who haven't yet applied can still do so until April 30. Here's how:
- Make an appointment with a certified insurance agent or community partner who can help you enroll in a plan free of charge, and in one sitting
- Fill out an online PDF application and submit it to Cover Oregon electronically, or by fax or mail (application must be postmarked by April 30)
- Attend an enrollment event hosted by a community partner in your area
Associated Press writer Barry Massey and KATU On Your Side Investigator Chelsea Kopta contributed to this report.
(Copyright 2014 The Associated Press. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed.)
Full coverage of the troubled Cover Oregon website:
- KATU investigation finds Oracle shares blame with Cover Oregon for website disaster
- Panel recommends Oregon move to federal health exchange
- Oracle says it's not to blame for failed launch of Cover Oregon
- No decision on future of Cover Oregon but options narrowed to two
- Report: Federal exchange cheapest fix for Cover Oregon
- Cover Oregon goes to Congress, defends work that's been done
- Cover Oregon invites public to once-secret oversight meetings
- Top Cover Oregon IT official resigns
- Cover Oregon: Apply for insurance in April and avoid federal penalty
- Cover Oregon makes secret meetings public, won't explain the change
- Secret Cover Oregon oversight meetings may violate public meetings law
- Cover Oregon announces $1 million ad blitz to raise awareness
- Months later, Gresham woman still wondering if she has health insurance
- Portland tech company to governor: We can fix Cover Oregon's website
- State granted one-month extensioin for Cover Oregon enrollment
- First Data report: Cover Oregon didn't have federally required backup plan
- Watch: Your Voice Your Future Town Hall: Cover Oregon
- Cover Oregon confessions: Are they playing games with your health?
- New report answers many Cover Oregon questions - often for second time
- Cover Oregon directory Goldberg resigns; Governor releases investigation findings
- Cover Oregon: Still pushing for deadline extension
- Oregon tied for last in nation for young-adult health-insurance sign-ups
- Cover Oregon: Apply now if you want health insurance this year
- Federal government announces Cover Oregon investigation
- Former Cover Oregon director says 'all of us' share blame for failures
- Top Cover Oregon official refuses to discuss Lawson resignation
- Official: Oracle not allowing Cover Oregon probe access to 6 employees
- Trouble with Cover Oregon? You may still get federal tax credits
- Cover Oregon website developer pulls 100 worker off project
- Ex-Cover Oregon website chief: 'I stuck to the talking points ... they were not accurate'
- High-level IT consultant on Cover Oregon: 'They didn't know what they were doing'
- New Cover Oregon allegations: 'If it's true, someone's going to prison.'
- Paging Dr. Kitzhaber: What did the governor know about Cover Oregon collapse?
- State rep., U.S. Senate candidate calls for the end of Cover Oregon
- Cover Oregon head: State might scrap all or part of failing website
- State lawmakers to grill Cover Oregon chief
- Family struggles to sign up for insurance through Cover Oregon
- First legal complaint filed over health enrollment mistakes
- Democratic state lawmaker believes Cover Oregon can be saved
- Contractor plans to examine why Cover Oregon failed
- 'We look like fools:' A history of Cover Oregon's failure
- State rep: Ditch Cover Oregon in favor of federal exchange
- Video: Exclusive Interview: Gov. John Kitzhaber - Cover Oregon 1/9/2014
- Gov. denies prior knowledge of Cover Oregon failure, exits exclusive KATU interview
- Kitzhaber outlines Cover Oregon's next steps: 'I can't give you a date'
- Kitzhaber: Firm will review Cover Oregon failures
- Cover Oregon applications left in limbo?
- Man with cancer waiting on Cover Oregon, gets insured
- Man with cancer still waiting on Cover Oregon
- New calls for Cover Oregon to take responsibility for project failures
- Rocky King, director of troubled Cover Oregon, resigns
- Salem man says Cover Oregon error left him in health care limbo
- Some question if they'll be covered by Cover Oregon in the new year
- What doomed Cover Oregon? 'Mismanagement,' say former employees
- After resigning, Lawson not talking about Cover Oregon website failures
- Ore. health official in charge of building Cover Oregon website resigns
- Fewer enrollments challenge Oregon exchange budget
- Executive director of Cover Oregon taking medical leave
- Cover Oregon considers new solutions
- Kitzhaber calls for independent review of Cover Oregon
- New emails show Cover Oregon unraveling in days before launch
- Emails: Cover Oregon executive knew about website problems in May
- Cover Oregon complicated by state's grand vision